I’ve previously blogged about using Pi Zero (and Zero W) devices as USB Gadgets. This allows them to be powered and accessed via one of the micro USB sockets and it shows up as both a CD-Drive and a ethernet device.
A recent update to the Raspberry Pi 4 bootloader not only enables the low power mode for the USB hardware, allows the enabling of Network boot and enables data over the USB-C port. The lower power means it should run (without any hats) with the power supplied from a laptop.
Details of how to check/update the bootloader can be found here.
Given that the Pi4 has a Gigabit Ethernet adapter, WiFi and 4 USB sockets (need to keep the power draw low to be safe) and up to 4Gb RAM to go with it’s 4 x 1.5Ghz core processor it makes for a very attractive plugin compute device.
With this enabled all the same script from the Pi Zero’s should just work but here is the updated version for Raspbian Buster.
modules-load=dwc2to the end of
- If you have not already enabled ssh then create a empty file called
- Install dnsmasq with
sudo apt-get install dnsmasq
/etc/dnsmasq.d/usbwith following content
interface=usb0 dhcp-range=10.55.0.2,10.55.0.6,255.255.255.248,1h dhcp-option=3 leasefile-ro
/etc/network/interfaces.d/usb0with the following content
auto usb0 allow-hotplug usb0 iface usb0 inet static address 10.55.0.1 netmask 255.255.255.248
#!/bin/bash cd /sys/kernel/config/usb_gadget/ mkdir -p pi4 cd pi4 echo 0x1d6b > idVendor # Linux Foundation echo 0x0104 > idProduct # Multifunction Composite Gadget echo 0x0100 > bcdDevice # v1.0.0 echo 0x0200 > bcdUSB # USB2 echo 0xEF > bDeviceClass echo 0x02 > bDeviceSubClass echo 0x01 > bDeviceProtocol mkdir -p strings/0x409 echo "fedcba9876543211" > strings/0x409/serialnumber echo "Ben Hardill" > strings/0x409/manufacturer echo "PI4 USB Device" > strings/0x409/product mkdir -p configs/c.1/strings/0x409 echo "Config 1: ECM network" > configs/c.1/strings/0x409/configuration echo 250 > configs/c.1/MaxPower # Add functions here # see gadget configurations below # End functions mkdir -p functions/ecm.usb0 HOST="00:dc:c8:f7:75:14" # "HostPC" SELF="00:dd:dc:eb:6d:a1" # "BadUSB" echo $HOST > functions/ecm.usb0/host_addr echo $SELF > functions/ecm.usb0/dev_addr ln -s functions/ecm.usb0 configs/c.1/ udevadm settle -t 5 || : ls /sys/class/udc > UDC ifup usb0 service dnsmasq restart
chmod +x /root/usb.sh
exit 0(I really should add a systemd startup script here at some point)
With this setup the Pi4 will show up as a ethernet device with an IP address of 10.55.0.1 and will assign the device you plug it into an IP address via DHCP. This means you can just ssh to email@example.com to start using it.
Quick note, not all USB-C cables are equal it seems. I’ve been using this one from Amazon and it works fine.